- Psoriasis is a chronic, inflammatory skin disease and is related to inherited genes.It can be initiated by certain environmental triggers.
- Although symptoms and signs vary, they include red, scaling plaques of itchy, elevated skin affecting the elbows, knees and scalp.
- Psoriasis is controllable with medication including :
- Topical corticosteroids (steroids, such as hydrocortisone) are very useful and often the first-line treatment for limited or small areas of psoriasis.
- Calcipotriene cream is useful in psoriasis because of its effect on calcium metabolism.
- Moisturizers, especially with therapeutic concentrations of salicylic acid, lactic acid, urea, and glycolic acid may be helpful in psoriasis. These moisturizers are available as prescription and nonprescription forms.
- Immunomodulators (tacrolimus and pimecrolimus) have also been used with some limited success in mild psoriasis.
- Oral medications include methotrexate , acitretin , cyclosporine and others
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